Project Description



The oldest evidence of habitation in the Caves takes the form of a fine collection of stone age tools, ranging in date from Early Stone Age (from 2,5 million years ago) to Late Stone Age (up to a few thousand years BC). These tools are on display at the Caves’ entrance. The University of Tshwane’s Department of Archaeology is currently busy with excavations and research.

The Caves were used as shelter by Prehistoric man in the form of Homo habilis (Handyman), a predecessor of Homo erectus, approximately 1,8 million years ago. Habilis had smaller cheek teeth and larger front teeth than modern humans, a similar skeleton, though shorter, and a relatively large brain.

All Sudwala Cave Tours are conducted in either a 7 seater, air-conditioned, “kombi” type vehicle, or in a 13 seater air conditioned Toyota Quantum type vehicle, subject to vehicle availability on the day.

The Sudwala caves are the oldest known caves in the world. They are situated in Pre-Cambrian dolomite rocks which are sedimentary and were laid down approximately 3 800 million years ago, when Africa was still part on Gondwanaland.

The dolomite is thus a marine deposit formed from chemical precipitation when the Lowveld area was covered by warm shallow seas. Well-represented in the caves are fossils of the blue green algae, Collenia, which was one of the first oxygen producing plants on the earth.


Regular Tour. (Tour duration 1hour between 08h30 and 16h30. Suitable for all ages.)

Adult Rates
02-03 pax: ZAR 1 090 per adult.
04-07 pax: ZAR 600 per adult.
08-13 pax: ZAR 500 per adult.

Child 5-16 years rates
02-03 pax: ZAR 1 045 per child.
04-09 pax: ZAR 500 per child.
10-13 pax: ZAR 395 per child.

Children under the ages of 5 years, no charge.


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  • Pick-up and drop-off at an accommodation establishment in the Nelspruit / White River / Hazyview area.
  • Transfers to Sudwala Caves are conducted in either a 7 seater air-conditioned “kombi” type vehicle, or a 13 seater air-conditioned Toyota Quantum, subject to vehicle availability.
  • Services of a registered Driver / Tour Guide.
  • All entry fees and guided tour of Sudwala Caves.
  • Iced bottled water.
  • Lunch.
  • Items of a personal nature.
  • Gratuities.
  • Licenced by the department of transport to carry fare-paying passengers.
  • All driver / guide are registered Tour Guides.
  • All driver / guides are in possession of a valid PDP. (Public Driving Permit).
  • All passengers are covered by a ZAR 20 million-passenger liability insurance cover, in the unlikely event of an accident.